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bacterium meaning

EN[bækˈtɪəɹ.ɪəm]
US
WBacterium
cut-away view of a bacterium
cut-away view of a bacterium

    Definition of bacterium in English Dictionary

  • NounPLbacteriaSUF-ium
    1. (microbiology) A single celled organism with cell walls but no nucleus or organelles.
      1. Plastics are energy-rich substances, which is why many of them burn so readily. Any organism that could unlock and use that energy would do well in the Anthropocene. Terrestrial bacteria and fungi which can manage this trick are already familiar to experts in the field.
  • More Examples
    1. Used in the Middle of Sentence
      • The gut bacteria are important for programming early immune responses, bioconverting ingested nutrients and inhibiting pathogenic bacteria.
      • Factors known to encourage the growth of harmful bacteria inside cooling systems include the stagnation of the water.
      • The bacteria became coated with a thin layer of Fe-carbonate (siderite) and autolithified.
    2. Used in the Beginning of Sentence
      • Bacteria were grown in microaerophilia as previously described [ 16 ] in static conditions to an OD 600  = 0.2 prior to being added to macrophages at a MOI of 100:1.
      • Bacteria were plated on trypticase soy agar (TSA), incubated at 37 °C for 15 h and subsequently diluted using the McFarland optical density standard.
    3. Used in the Ending of Sentence
      • The underprocessed food still contained harmful bacteria.
      • Mutant phages were then tested for the ability to lysogenize their host bacterium.
      • There was no effect on enteric bacteria, enterococci, Lactobacillus, bifidobacteria, or total anaerobic bacteria.
  • Part-of-Speech Hierarchy
    1. Nouns
      • Nouns with irregular plurals
        • Countable nouns

      Other Vocabulary

      Look-Alike Words
      1. en bacteria
      2. en bacterial
      3. en bacterin
      4. fr bactérie
      5. en apterium
      Source: Wiktionary

      Meaning of bacterium for the defined word.

      Grammatically, this word "bacterium" is a noun, more specifically, a nouns with irregular plural and a countable noun.
      Difficultness: Level 7
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      Definiteness: Level 8
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